The Strangest Aircraft Ever Built: The Soviet Union's VVA-14

Publicerades den 16 jul 2021
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Thanks to Hangar B Productions for producing the incredible VVA-14 models used in this video, visit:

As an aircraft designer, physicist, astronomer, philosopher, painter and musician, Robert Bartini is often described as a genius ahead of his time. Throughout his life, he designed over 60 aircraft and made significant contributions to Soviet aviation. Although most of Bartini’s aircraft designs never left the drawing board, many of his aeronautical innovations were incorporated into production aircraft.

In 1965, Bartini was given a rare opportunity to realize the full potential of one of his concepts. With the emergence of American Polaris missile submarines, the Soviet Union needed a new kind of aircraft to respond. Bartini proposed building the ultimate submarine hunter. Designated as the VVA-14, it would be a truly unique and innovative aircraft. With a catamaran-like fuselage it would be optimized to fly within the ground effect (like other ekranoplan of the era), giving it endurance needed to fly long-range missions. It would also have wings so that it could fly like a conventional airplane if needed. Bartini would equip the VVA-14 with both a conventional landing gear for runways and a unique inflatable pontoon system to give it amphibious capabilities. Ten lift jets would allow for vertical take-off and landings (VTOL) from any kind of surface, giving the aircraft the ability to operate from the even most harsh and remote regions of the Soviet Union. Development would stretch nearly a decade, but like Bartini himself, the VVA-14’s design would end up being a little too ahead of it's time.

Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
AP Archive website: SElists: and

Select imagery/video supplied by Getty Images:

Music used in this production (reproduced under license):

Intro Song: “Cold Mystery”-

Song 1: “Ambient Inspirational Documentary” -

Song 2: “Cold Mystery”-

Song 3: “Dark Horizons” -

Song 4: “A Dark Plot” -

Song 5: “Gladiator March ”-

Song 6: "Sweet Lo-Fi" -

Thanks for watching!


  • Gotta Give it to the Soviet , they truly Think big.

  • Really interesting piece on this design totally brought to life with excellent VFX and 3D modelling.

  • Аэрофлот deals only with civil aviation

  • Born way too early, guy would have designed literal space fleets

  • It's impossible to believe this technology was abandoned by the Soviets and not copied by America . Thanks for this awesome video .

  • Who were they kidding with that civilian paint job. Oh that? that's just a normal, run of the mill passenger jet.

  • Holy shit that flying aircraft carrier is so cool

  • I would love to see the ground lift concept used again!

  • Reminds me of the LUN, another type of ground effect ship. The Caspian Sea Monster was similar as well.

  • The boring bridge ordinarily place because veil aesthetically gather out a ugliest farm. vague, organic transaction

  • “... Flying aircraft carrier” Marvel: “WRITE THAT DOWN, WRITE THAT DOWN!”

  • just how.... how you make those beautiful life like 3D models

  • looks like from space but used to be hunt submarine on water

  • I just got rid of my long term Herpes disease. I’ve been diagnosed with the Herpes disease for 3 years, but I was recently cured from it completely!. With the help of Dr IGUDIA on SElists with his herbal medicine I’m so excited. There’s truly a cure to Herpes Virus. You all can also contact him for help on any kind of disease on his SElists channel

  • ok

  • What an imposing stance when looked from the front - the enemy platoon along with commander would give up merely upon seeing a giant wild cat with paws in a hunting demeanor approach speeding towards them with two tonnes of weaponry waiting to catch you with your pants out, flying so low that the ten turbojets sounds would add up as the perfect horror background score to this giant - if that is not an insanely batshit craziest and yet the most stunning of Soviet engineering feat ever - I don't know what else is. And to know the fact that they are yet to declassify most of the pre-cold war era operations, projects and feats - Soviets were the mightiest - their influence over the technological world is still very much active. Mother Russia - you eternal beauty!

  • Incredible. I had a cloud cloaked ship visit me a few months ago in the sky that looked exactly like that. I never could draw or describe it to show anyone .. and I could find no book or movie with any similar depiction of spaceships. And I told myself ... be patient .. it will make sense one day. . And today I know this . This is ET technology passed to humans 50 years ago . I met the crew off this ship .

  • With modern meta materials, this would now be viable.

  • Think a carrier like that would work as a stealth plane?

  • Wonder why engineers were so productive and creative in the 60's and 70's and what happened to modern day engineers

  • I no longer go through pains of having herpes disease after I was able to get rid of it with Dr IGUDIA on SElists herbal medication.

  • the reason it wasn't continued is because it just doesn't work~

  • The amount of work you put in these videos is insane. 3D rendering is great, explanations are clear and on point, reasearch has obviously been done. That's impressive and very enjoyable. Thank you again.

  • Them animations tho...

  • that's rad.

  • That looks like a subnautica vehicle lol

  • Do you want alien mothership Russia - yesssss

  • Sounds like they didn't want this revolutionary technology developed and bought out to the public.

    • @shaun douglas The engines were a problem but not because they were half arsed but because they had a problem with salt water because after every flight the salt would fill the engine so much that it required 25-30 hours of cleaning the engine in order for it to take an 1 hour flight. And that isn't even the biggest problem.

    • @shaun douglas China actually has a prototype of an ekranoplan but it has disappeared since it was last spotted on google earth Safe to say it didn’t work out for them either

    • @Liew Not disagreeing with you, but it sure sounded like the Russians approached this aircrafts engines half arsed with a company that had to much else going on to commit any sort of decent effort for the desired outcome. Has anyone really and i mean really put any major funding and works to actually look into this? As it seems in this particular instance that was not the case.

    • @shaun douglas No one went half assed It’s just a shitty concept with too many problems Only place ekranoplanes are being used in are island to island travel which is far from the ambitious ocean crossing and faster than planes

    • @shaun douglas The amount off problems the Russians had with the vehicles is such that everybody else keeps away.They look good only on the drawing board,simulations and animations.

  • 👍👍👍

  • Ships able to fly and dive - the future of navy. Aliens confirm

  • Maybe the Chinese will pick it up.

  • I saw this bad boi in metal gear 3

  • A true visionary 👍 indeed....if you remove economy from prototype production with top minds...we can achieve things far into future right now.

  • This Plane just a bit looks like 【 Flying Pancake 】From Video Game : Strikers 1945 II .

  • If this guy had been born in the West then this would have been a completely different story

    • He was born in Italy,is that west enough?

    • Yeah, differnt because it would never be accepted

  • I believe the Russians are back into development of these types of aircraft.

  • I'm sure that civilian paint job fooled everyone.

    • Yeah, looks like a perfectly normal aircraft with this painting

  • It looks like spaceship in future

  • It looks like some seriously deformed metal flying chicken

  • Looks like it came from German aircraft designers of world War 2 especially some of the more experimental jets and like a Heineken 111 cab window

  • The Soviet be like : "So how many concept did we get suggested?" "Dunno" "Well then, just pour all our budget into all of them then"

  • Really enjoyed this documentary. Keep up the great work!

  • Hey man , you have the best youtube videos I have ever seen , nice animations and rendering , keep it up .


  • 1:26 Waves: I'm bout to end this mans whole career I dont even want to watch the rest of the video Was he a really a revolutionary

  • Красивая машинка.

  • Mustard should change his pfp to a heinz mustard bottle

  • Looks like something off the cover of an Emerson Lake and Palmer album

  • Like an Ekranoplane right

  • Oh yeah, well the most weirdest aircraft United States ever made.... *CLASSIFIED* Just run if you heard it has been launched.

  • Your airplane videos are the best! Do you think you could do a video on Howard Hughes’ H-4 Hercules “Spruce Goose” plane?

  • This thing looks straight out of Wolfenstein

  • He stole it from start wars.

  • It reminds me of Thunderbird ships

  • Too bad. That thing looks like it would have been a hell of a ride to fly in.

  • John Kerry can’t wait to take it for a spin and tell us all how to live greener.

  • Your soviet union map is wrong. More countries was involved in SU unfortunatelly.

  • Very interesting video and well produced - except for one very irritating thing. That unnecessary music all throughout! Don't you realise that it is totally superfluous and unnecessary and competes with the narrator's voice to the extent that it makes the brain work harder to try and comprehend all this new spoken and visual information. Just don't have any music! if you have to have sounds, then put in relevant sounds that relate to what we are seeing: aircraft noises, water noises, workshop noises, all subdued, but not stupid music. That is just lazy and shows that you are not really a brilliant movie maker, just a sheep copying everyone else who puts in unnecessary music.

  • Star trek Material. More like a Klingon Ship.

  • Damn, who made these renders 0.0

  • Today, he would be a Video game designer making Million$

  • How would this operate within the Arctic with so many icebergs

  • This craft could be made functional with modern technology. VTOL engines & inflatable pontoons have advanced a long way since the 70's. Bartini's legacy still lives on, there are real ground effect planes now and even Russia is planning to design new ones.

  • 0:13Giant flying turtle.

  • wing-in-ground effect, is how I've always heard of it the term

  • So Bartini inspired the Hull series and general MISC designs

  • Круто!

  • Sounds like Bartini was sandbagged. Who knows what the political landscape was at the time. Great presentation.

  • Has anyone joined Nebula? I'm binge watching these videos and I'll probably end up there soon enough 😂

  • Wow. You actually did it!). I am realy glad.

  • Extremely well produce videos sir. Tops stuff.

  • Thank you MGS3 for showing me some of the most fascinating 60’s technology.

  • What

  • For a Swede, this is something between Sune Envalls drawings from "Teknikens Under" and more recent Simon Stålenhags artwork. Excellent done!

  • How would a craft like this handle open ocean storms and large swells?

  • Amazing renders!

  • Спасибо за просранное будущее Владимир Владимирович

  • this is a genius device from a real genius man.....bertini..... i sems to me the most clever device for the execution of the enemy.... i advice my friends russians to use it ......

  • State of the art ground efect vehicle same one used i MGS3 game WIG

  • -Do you want to engineer an airplane, an helicopter or a hovercraft? -DA.

  • Hey, I remember this air craft in Metal Gear Solid 3. "Very well, John. Plain name, but I won't forget it." "Till we meet again, John. :)"

  • It wasnt built.

  • 7:18 , ohhhhh

  • На морску черепаху похож с боку👌

    • The Commies came so close to build a real life Helicarrier.

  • BIG TORTOISE????also amphibians

  • CCCP did it before Marvel XD kidding aside... making a ship that travels at the speed of a plane?! Such a ground-breaking concept would ve changed transportation on our planet forever... sad to never see it happen

  • Excellent presentation .... i thought soviets did similar craft just for troop movement. Btw what is the usa version or british version of this concept ? Maybe antigravity was a better option wink wink

  • It's a brilliant idea but wouldn't rough seas knacker it?

  • How come they haven’t showed me tet

  • tbh I still wish ground effect ship planes are still a thing

  • You don't even need a runway on the flying aircraft carrier! Simply match the ground speed... But then the turbulence on top (and slightly aft) will probably mess up the landing.

  • СЛАВА СССР и КПСС !!!!

  • bring it back.. god dam it

  • wow...I wonder what inspired the design...Not sports cars/ birds or dragonflies. it's something else..

  • I like this airplane.